Updated: Nov 2, 2018
For women who are pregnant, doctors recommend a glucose screening test between 24 and 28 weeks of pregnancy to check for gestational diabetes. Gestational diabetes can be a serious condition, just as traditional diabetes. The cause of the condition is still unknown but the effects on your baby could be carried through their adult life.
When you have gestational diabetes, your pancreas works overtime to produce insulin, however the insulin does not lower your blood glucose levels. Now, insulin will not cross through the placenta but glucose and other nutrients do. When glucose levels are high, the baby’s pancreas will make extra insulin to get rid of blood glucose, which increases the baby’s energy levels. That extra energy is stored as fat and can lead to macrosomia or a “fat” baby. This can also lead to excess insulin levels after birth and they could be at risk for obesity and type 2 diabetes as adult